Saanen goat has its origins in the Saanen Valley of Switzerland. They are the one of the highest producers of milks. They are mainly raised for dairy purposes along with Beetal and Jamunapari goats. A female Saanen goat produces about 3.8 liters milk daily. This breed is one of the best and preferred dairy goat mainly for their consistency in producing large amounts of milk in accordance with their sturdiness, easy keepability and ability to tolerate environmental changes. The main benefits of raising Saanen goat is that, their care and management is very easy (even a child can take care of them) and they produces milk highly. The goats can be milked twice a day.
Mainly Saanen goats are of white colored. But sometimes biscuit colored goats can be seen.There may some black spots in the nose, ears and udder of this goat.The ears are straight to upwards.Generally they have no horns. They have small sized legs and the udder is big. Their neck is long.
Because of its productivity, the Saanen has since been exported all over the world, and has given rise to many local sub-breeds, often through cross-breeding with local goats. It is found in more than eighty countries along with India.
The female Saanen goats are ready for kidding at the age of 7-10 months. Gestation period ranges from 145-155 days. These goats kid once a year with 1 or 2 kids per kidding.