The name of Jamnapari goat is derived from the location of the breed beyond the river Jamna (Jamna Par) in Uttar Pradesh. It is also found in Agra, Mathura and Etawa districts in Uttar Pradesh and Bhind and Morena districts in Madhya Pradesh. However, the pure stocks are found only in about 80 villages in the vicinity of Batpura and Chakar Nagar in Etawa district. There is a serious need for conservation, multiplication and further improvement of the breed, considering the extremely small numbers of pure-bred animals remaining. Jamnapari is one of the largest goats in India. Hence it has been extensively utilized to upgrade indigenous breeds for meat and milk. Jamnapari goats have been imported to the neighbouring countries for the same purpose.
Jamnapari are large animals. There is a great variation in coat colour. But the typical coat is white with small tan patches on head and neck. The typical character of the breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair, yielding a parrot mouth appearance. The ears are very long, flat and drooping; ear length.Both sexes are horned. Tail is thin and short. A thick growth of hair on the buttocks, known as feathers, obscures the udder when observed from behind. The udder is well developed, round, with large conical teats.