The Boer goat is a breed that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. Their name is derived from the dutch word "boer", meaning farmer. They are a popular breed for meat and their breeding season starts in August and runs through December. Mixed goats are best for small herds because of the genetics in this breed for meat and the genetics in the other goat.
The Boer goat was probably bred from the indigenous goats of the Namaquan and the Fooku tribes, with some crossing of Indian and European bloodlines being possible. They were selected for meat rather than milk production; due to selective and improvement, the goat has a fast growth rate and excellent carcass qualities, making it one of the most popular breeds of meat goat in the world. Boer goats have a high resistance to disease and adapt well to hot, dry semi deserts. They are noted for being docile, fast-growing, and having high fertility rates. Does are reported to have superior mothering skills as compared to other breeds.
Boer goats have been imported from South Africa and are mainly used for cross-breeding with local indian goats. This results in healthy and strong goat kids due to high weight gain. There are many farms involved in commercial goat farming of this breed due high demand. Also these goats are priced higher compared to other indian breeds.