Barbari goats are found in  Etah, Agra and Aligarh districts of Uttar Pradesh, and Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. This breed is used for both milk and meat. It is a dwarf breed highly suited for rearing under restrained and stall-feeding conditions. In addition to being a good milker, it is highly prolific. Considering the number of animals reported, there is serious need for undertaking conservation measures. It was observed in personal surveys that most Barbari males are castrated early in life and fattened for slaughter at religious festivals. And that a sizable number of non-descript goats are kept for milk production by owners who maintain Barbaris, as all the milk of the latter is allowed to be suckled by their kids to ensure good growth.

Barbari are small animals, with compact body. The orbital bone is quite prominent, so that eyes appear bulging. There is wide variation in coat colour, but white with small light brown patches is the most typical. Ears are short, tubular, almost double, with the slit opening in front, erect, directed upward and outward. Both sexes have twisted horns, medium in length and directed upward and backward. Bucks have a large thick beard. Barbari goats are mostly maintained on browsing and grazing stubble of cultivated crops and tree leaves. Cultivated fodders (e.g. berseem, wheat straw) and grains (e.g. maize, barley, millets) are commonly offered. These animals are generally housed in thatched sheds inside the house. Most Barbari males are castrated at ages between 7 to 30 days by the open method, with a blade, and are fattened on milk for slaughter on festive occasions.